Date of Award

Summer 2017

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Mathematics

Committee Chair

Dr. Jiu Ding

Committee Chair Department

Mathematics

Committee Member 2

Dr. Ching-Shyang Chen

Committee Member 2 Department

Mathematics

Committee Member 3

Dr. James V. Lambers

Committee Member 3 Department

Mathematics

Committee Member 4

Dr. Haiyan Tian

Committee Member 4 Department

Mathematics

Abstract

In a chaotic dynamical system, the eventual behavior of iterates of initial points of a map is unpredictable even though the map is deterministic. A system which is chaotic in a deterministic point of view may be regular in a statistical viewpoint. The statistical viewpoint requires the study of absolutely continuous invariant measure (ACIM) of a map with respect to the Lebesgue measure. An invariant density of the Frobenius-Perron (F-P) operator associated with a nonsingular map is employed to evaluate an ACIM of the map. The ACIM is a key factor for studying the eventual behavior of iterates of almost all initial points of the map. It is difficult to obtain an invariant density of the F-P operator in an exact mathematical form except for some simple maps. Different numerical schemes have been developed to approximate such densities. The maximum entropy principle gives a criterion to select a least-biased density among all densities satisfying a system of moment equations. In this principle, a least-biased density maximizes the Boltzmann entropy. In this dissertation, piecewise quadratic functions and quadratic splines are used in the maximum entropy method to calculate the L1 errors between the exact and the approximate invariant densities of the F-P operator associated with nonsingular maps defined from [0;1] to itself. The numerical results are supported by rigorous mathematical proofs. The L1 errors between the exact and approximate invariant densities of the Markov operator associated with Markov type position dependent random maps, defined from [0;1] to itself, are calculated by using the piecewise linear polynomials maximum entropy method.

Share

COinS