Title

Intercalation of Solvent and Polymer in Galleries of Mobile Clay Platelets by a Monte Carlo Simulation

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-15-2009

Department

Physics and Astronomy

Abstract

The intercalation of solvent particles and polymer chains of concentration C(w) = 0.2 and C(p) = 0.2, respectively, in a layer of (4) clay platelets is studied by a Monte Carlo simulation on a cubic lattice. Polymer chains and platelets are modeled by bond fluctuations. Besides the excluded volume, a set of polymer-clay (cs) and solvent-clay (ws) interactions with (i) cs = 1, ws = -2, (ii) cs = -2, ws = 1 and (iii) cs = ws = -2 are considered. The global dynamics of platelets is constrained due to the presence of three components, i.e., solvent, polymer, and platelets, which retain their interstitial spacing with well-defined galleries. Intercalation of solvent particles and polymer chains (low molecular weight) occurs with their attractive interaction with the platelets, which further reinforces the layered clay morphology The density profiles of the solvent particles are similar to previous studies with platelets in a mobile solvent. The density profile of polymerchains differs considerably from the platelets in a polymer matrix alone, particularly with its attractive interaction (ii) For the same attractive interaction of solvent and polymerchains with the clay platelets (iii), the solvent particles (the smallest constituents) intercalate the fastest in the clay galleries, whereas the intercalation of polymer chains decreases with their molecular weight The polymer density profiles, both longitudinal (x) and transverse (y), show maxima. peaks around outer platelets (surface) of the layer and decay sharply both in the adjacent galleries and in the bulk. The amplitude of oscillation in the transverse density profiles, a measure of the degree of intercalation, decreases with increasing molecular weight of the polymer. The intercalation of the polymer is driven by its attractive interaction at the low molecular weight, but reduces considerably at high molecular weight because of both entanglement and larger radius of gyration. Variations of the gyration radius of the diffusing polymer chains with molecular weight and interaction with the clay are consistent with the results of their corresponding density profiles (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.. J Polym Sci Part B Polym Phys 47 2487-2500, 2009

Publication Title

Journal of Polymer Science Part B-Polymer Physics

Volume

47

Issue

24

First Page

2487

Last Page

2500