Title

Advances in the Synthesis of Amphiphilic Block Copolymers via RAFT Polymerization: Stimuli-Responsive Drug and Gene Delivery

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-10-2008

Department

Polymers and High Performance Materials

Abstract

Controlled/'living' radical polymerization methods, including the versatile reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization process, are rapidly moving to the forefront in construction of drug and gene delivery vehicles. The RAFT technique allows an unprecedented latitude in the synthesis of water soluble or amphiphilic architectures with precise dimensions and appropriate functionality for attachment and targeted delivery of diagnostic and therapeutic agents. This review focuses on the chemistry of the RAFT process and its potential for preparing well-defined block copolymers and conjugates capable of stimuli-responsive assembly and release of bioactive agents in the physiological environment. Recent examples of block copolymers with designed structures and segmental compositions responsive to changes in pH or temperature are reviewed and hurdles facing further development of these novel systems are discussed. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Publication Title

Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews

Volume

60

Issue

9

First Page

1018

Last Page

1036