Immediate Response of Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphins to High-Speed Personal Watercraft in the Mississippi Sound
Measuring the impact of anthropogenic factors on marine mammals is critical to the conservation of these species. Recently, the effect of personal watercraft on marine mammal behaviour and well-being has become a topic of increasing concern. 7 lie purpose of this study was to examine the immediate effects of high-speed personal watercraft on Atlantic bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) behaviour. Opportunistic surveys were conducted front a research vessel in the Mississippi Sound (30 degrees 13 ' 22.6 '' N 89 degrees 0.1 ' 36.5 '' W)from September 2003 through to August 2005. The passing of a high-speed personal watercraft significantly increased dolphin dive duration, dolphin group cohesion and dolphin breathing synchrony. Additionally, in 47% of the encounters a dolphin groups behaviour changed within one minute of the presence of a high-speed personal watercraft. The most notable changes were tin increase in dolphin travelling behaviour and a decrease in feeding behaviour following the boat's presence. The results demonstrated an immediate, short-term change in dolphin behaviour, suggesting that all increase in the frequency of high-speed personal watercraft in this area could produce long-term detrimental effects. Research on the long-term effects of boat traffic on marine mammals is clearly needed to assess and hopefully mediate any potential long-term effects.
Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
Miller, L. J.,
Kuczaj, S. A.
(2008). Immediate Response of Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphins to High-Speed Personal Watercraft in the Mississippi Sound. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 88(6), 1139-1143.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/1557