Energy Efficient Scheduling for Parallel Applications On Mobile Clusters
During the past decade, cluster computing and mobile communication technologies have been extensively deployed and widely applied because of their giant commercial value. The rapid technological advancement makes it feasible to integrate these two technologies and a revolutionary application called mobile cluster computing is arising on the horizon. Mobile cluster computing technology can further enhance the power of our laptops and mobile devices by running parallel applications. However, scheduling parallel applications on mobile clusters is technically challenging due to the significant communication latency and limited battery life of mobile devices. Therefore, shortening schedule length and conserving energy consumption have become two major concerns in designing efficient and energy-aware scheduling algorithms for mobile clusters. In this paper, we propose two novel scheduling strategies aimed at leveraging performance and power consumption for parallel applications running on mobile clusters. Our research focuses on scheduling precedence constrained parallel tasks and thus duplication heuristics are applied to schedule parallel tasks to minimize communication overheads. However, existing duplication algorithms are developed with consideration of schedule lengths, completely ignoring energy consumption of clusters. In this regard, we design two energy-aware duplication scheduling algorithms, called EADUS and TEBUS, to schedule precedence constrained parallel tasks with a complexity of O(n(2)), where n is the number of tasks in a parallel task set. Unlike the existing duplication-based scheduling algorithms that replicate all the possible predecessors of each task, the proposed algorithms judiciously replicate predecessors of a task if the duplication can help in conserving energy. Our energy-aware scheduling strategies are conducive to balancing scheduling lengths and energy savings of a set of precedence constrained parallel tasks. We conducted extensive experiments using both synthetic benchmarks and real-world applications to compare our algorithms with two existing approaches. Experimental results based on simulated mobile clusters demonstrate the effectiveness and practicality of the proposed duplication-based scheduling strategies. For example, EADUS and TABUS can reduce energy consumption for the Gaussian Elimination application by averages of 16.08% and 8.1% with merely 5.7% and 2.2% increase in schedule length respectively.
Cluster Computing-The Journal of Networks Software Tools and Applications
(2008). Energy Efficient Scheduling for Parallel Applications On Mobile Clusters. Cluster Computing-The Journal of Networks Software Tools and Applications, 11(1), 91-113.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/1652