Title

Nano- and Bulk-Tack Adhesive Properties of Stimuli-Responsive, Fullerene-Polymer Blends, Containing Polystyrene-Block-Polybutadiene-Block-Polystyrene and Polystyrene-Block-Polyisoprene-Block-Polystyrene Rubber-Based Adhesives

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-2-2007

Department

Polymers and High Performance Materials

Abstract

Nano-tack (measured using AFM) and bulk-tack adhesive forces of blends of C-60 and either polystyrene-block-polybutadiene-block-polystyrene (SBS) or polystyrene-block-polyisoprene-block-polystyrene (SIS) triblock copolymer pressure sensitive adhesives were measured after exposure to white light irradiation. The nano-tack adhesive forces in C-60-SIS/SBS were found to decrease with increasing C-60 concentration and exposure time, approaching the value for 100% polystyrene, providing an indication that significant surface hardening and crosslinking of the soft isoprene and butadiene phases occurs in the presence of C-60. Films produced during the study were smooth, having low RMS surface roughness, and showed nanoscale phase separation between the soft (diene) and hard (styrene) segments. This phase separation disappeared after addition of C-60 sensitizer and white light irradiation. Bulk adhesive measurements (tack and peel strength) showed a similar trend with C-60 concentration and exposure time, and in irradiated systems containing as little as 0.2 wt% C-60, a significant decrease in adhesion was observed. Estimated T-g (measured using DMA, shear mode) of the soft-block shifts to higher temperatures (increasing by 30-40 degrees C), and high gel fractions were obtained, indicating the presence of chemically crosslinked networks. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication Title

Polymer

Volume

48

Issue

23

First Page

6773

Last Page

6781