Evolutionary Relationships Among Aquatic Anamorphs and Teleomorphs: Lemonniera, Margaritispora, and Goniopila
Coastal Sciences, Gulf Coast Research Laboratory
The hypothesis that similar conidial morphologies in aquatic hyphomycetes are a result of convergent evolution was tested using molecular sequence data. Cladistic analyses were performed on partial sequences of 28S rDNA of seven species of Lemonniera, one species of Margaritispora and one species of Goniopila. Lemonniera has tetraradiate conidia with long arms, whereas Margaritispora and Goniopila have typically globose (isodiametric) conidia, with short conical protuberances in a stellate or quadrangular arrangement. Lemonniera and Margaritispora have phialidic conidiogenesis and both produce dark, minute sclerotia in culture whereas Goniopila has holoblastic conidiogenesis and does not produce sclerotia in culture. Goniopila produces a microconidial phialidic synanamorph in culture. All three genera have schizolytic conidial secession. Molecular analyses demonstrate that Lemonniera species are placed in two distinct clades: one within Leotiomycetes; the other within Pleosporales, Dothideomycetes. Margaritispora is placed with Lemonniera species within Leotiomycetes. Goniopila and Lemonniera pseudofloscula are placed within Dothideomycetes. No morphological character was entirely congruent with the molecular derived phylogeny. This suggests that for the group of species studied, conidial shape is not a reliable indicator of phylogeny but more likely the result of convergent evolution in response to the aquatic environment. (c) 2006 The British Mycological Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
(2006). Evolutionary Relationships Among Aquatic Anamorphs and Teleomorphs: Lemonniera, Margaritispora, and Goniopila. Mycological Research, 110, 1025-1033.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/2282