Title

Dielectric Relaxation In Montmorillonite/Polymer Nanocomposites

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-23-2006

Department

Polymers and High Performance Materials

Abstract

We report dielectric relaxation behavior in blends of sodium montmorillonite particles (MM) with a series of polymers (i.e., polyisoprene (PI), poly(propylene glycol) (PPG), and poly(butylene oxide) (PBO)). These polymers are known to exhibit the dielectric normal mode due to the fluctuation of the end-to-end vector as well as the segmental mode due to local, segmental fluctuations. The data indicate that all blend systems exhibit an additional relaxation process at a temperature region below the glass transition temperature, T-g, of the pure polymer component. The intensity of the new relaxation process increases with the content of MM and hence the relaxation process can be assigned to the segmental motion of the chains intercalated in the interlayers of MM. On the other hand, the relaxation time of the normal mode reflecting the fluctuation of the end-to-end vector is the same as the neat polymers but the intensity of the relaxation process increases due to enhancement of the internal electric field by MM. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication Title

Polymer

Volume

47

Issue

18

First Page

6406

Last Page

6413