Thermorheological Properties Near the Glass Transition of Oligomeric Poly(methyl methacrylate) Blended With Acrylic Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane Nanocages
Polymers and High Performance Materials
Two distinct oligomeric :, species of similar mass and chemical functionality (M-W approximate to 2,000 g/mol), one a linear methyl methacrylate oligomer (radius of gyration Rg approximate to 1.1 nm) and the other a hybrid organic-inorganic polyhedral silsesquioxane nanocage (methacryl-POSS, r approximate to 1.0 nm), were subjected to thermal and rheological tests to compare the behaviors of these geometrically dissimilar molecules over the entire composition range. The glass transition temperatures of the blends varied monotonically between the glass transition temperatures of the pure oligomer (T-g=-47.3 degrees C) and the pure POSS (T-g=-61.0 degrees C). Blends containing high POSS contents (with volume fraction phi(POSS)>= 0.90) exhibited enhanced enthalpy relaxation in differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements, and the degree of enthalpy relaxation was used to calculate the kinetic fragility indices m of the oligomeric MMA (m=59) and the POSS (m=74). The temperature dependences of the viscosities were fitted by the free-volume based Williams-Landel-Ferry (WLF) and Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann (VFT) framework and a dynamic scaling relation. The calculated values of the fragility from the WLF-VFT fits were similar for the POSS (m=82) and for the oligomer (m=76), and the dynamic scaling exponent was similar for the oligomeric MMA and the POSS. Within the range of known fragilities for glass-forming liquids, the temperature dependence of the viscosity was found to be similarly fragile for the two species. The difference in shape of the nanocages and oligomer chains is unimportant in controlling the glass-forming properties of the blends at low volume fractions (phi(POSS)< 0.20). However, at higher volume fractions, adjacent POSS cages begin to crowd each other, leading to an increase in the fractional free volume at the glass transition temperature and the observed enhanced enthalpy relaxation in DSC.
Kopesky, E. T.,
Boyes, S. G.,
Cohen, R. E.,
McKinley, G. H.
(2006). Thermorheological Properties Near the Glass Transition of Oligomeric Poly(methyl methacrylate) Blended With Acrylic Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane Nanocages. Rheologica Acta, 45(6), 971-981.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/2305