Aggression Following Performance Feedback: The Influences of Narcissism, Feedback Valence, and Comparative Standard
This study investigated the relation between narcissism and aggression after feedback with varied response options available. Extending previous research, the influence of the comparative standard on which feedback is based was included as a variable in the design. Participants were 120 undergraduates. Feedback valence and comparative standard were experimentally manipulated and randomly predetermined. Replicating previous research, narcissism was associated with increased aggressiveness after negative feedback. However, this effect was specific to males. Following negative feedback, self-referenced (i.e., ipsative) feedback was associated with significantly less increase in aggression. than feedback based on an idealized standard. These findings suggest that the manner in which feedback is delivered may influence aggression. The implications of these findings for the prevention of aggression are discussed. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Personality and Individual Differences
Barry, C. T.,
Chaplin, W. F.,
Grafeman, S. J.
(2006). Aggression Following Performance Feedback: The Influences of Narcissism, Feedback Valence, and Comparative Standard. Personality and Individual Differences, 41(1), 177-187.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/2335