Characterization of pH-dependent micellization of polystyrene-based cationic block copolymers prepared by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) radical polymerization
A series of block copolymers composed of a fixed length of an (ar-vinylbenzyl)trimethylammonium chloride (Q) block (the number average degree of polymerization of the Q block, DPn,Q = 57) and varying lengths of an N,N-dimethylvinylbenzylamine (A) block (the number average degrees of polymerization of the A blocks, DPn,A, ranging 11-50) were prepared by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) radical polymerization, and their pH-dependent micellization was characterized by potentiometric titration, H-1 NMR spectroscopy, dynamic and static light scattering, and fluorescence techniques as a function of the A block length. At pH < 5.5, the A block is fully protonated, and hence the block copolymers act as a simple polyelectrolyte, dissolving molecularly in acidic water. At pH > 7, the A block becomes deprotonated, and thereby the block copolymers aggregate into a micelle composed of hydrophobic microdomains formed from the deprotonated A blocks. Results of light scattering and fluorescence measurements indicated that the micellization behavior depended strongly on the length of the A block. The number of polymer chains comprising one micelle (i.e. mean aggregation number, N-agg) increased from 3 to 12 as DPn,A increased from 11 to 50 at pH 10.0. In the case of a random copolymer of Q and A with an A/Q molar ratio similar to that of a block copolymer with DPn,A = 50, N-agg similar to 1 (i.e. unimolecular micelle) was confirmed by static light scattering at pH 10.0. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All fights reserved.