Quaternary Ammonium Silane-Functionalized, Methacrylate Resin Composition With Antimicrobial Activities and Self-Repair Potential
Polymers and High Performance Materials
The design of antimicrobial polymers to address healthcare issues and minimize environmental problems is an important endeavor with both fundamental and practical implications. Quaternary ammonium silane-functionalized methacrylate (QAMS) represents an example of antimicrobial macromonomers synthesized by a sol-gel chemical route; these compounds possess flexible Si-O-Si bonds. In present work, a partially hydrolyzed QAMS co-polymerized with 2,2-[4(2-hydroxy 3-methacryloxypropoxy)-phenyl]propane is introduced. This methacrylate resin was shown to possess desirable mechanical properties with both a high degree of conversion and minimal polymerization shrinkage. The kill-on-contact microbiocidal activities of this resin were demonstrated using single-species biofilms of Streptococcus mutans (ATCC 36558), Actinomyces naeslundii (ATCC 12104) and Candida albicans (ATCC 90028). Improved mechanical properties after hydration provided the proof-of-concept that QAMS-incorporated resin exhibits self-repair potential via water-induced condensation of organic modified silicate (ormosil) phases within the polymerized resin matrix. (C) 2012 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Yiu, C. K.,
Blizzard, J. D.,
Brackett, M. G.,
Messer, R. L.,
Wu, C. D.,
Brister, L. B.,
Rueggeberg, F. A.,
Arola, D. D.,
Pashley, D. H.,
Tay, F. R.
(2012). Quaternary Ammonium Silane-Functionalized, Methacrylate Resin Composition With Antimicrobial Activities and Self-Repair Potential. Acta Biomaterialia, 8(9), 3270-3282.
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