Shape Evolution Control of Phase-separated Colloidal Nanoparticles

Marek W. Urban, University of Southern Mississippi

Originally published in Polymer Chemistry, 2011, 2, 244-250

Full-text available for USM authenticated users

Abstract

These studies illustrate controlled shape synthesis of two distinct phase-separated copolymers within one colloidal nanoparticle which consists of poly(methylmethacrylate) (p-MMA)/n-butylacrylate (nBA) and poly(nBA)/pentafluorostyrene (p-PFS) phases. Using sequential free radical polymerization, particle morphologies ranging from acorn to ellipsoidal, core–shell, and spherical were produced by adjusting the glass transition temperature (Tg) via compositional gradients during copolymerization. These studies show for the first time that in order to achieve desirable asymmetric particle shapes, the Tg as well as interfacial surface tension between two copolymers within one nanoparticle should be maintained during and after polymerization.