Title

Synthesis, Characterization, and Properties of Polyelectrolyte Block Copolymer Brushes Prepared by Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization and Their Use In the Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-16-2003

Department

Polymers and High Performance Materials

Abstract

Diblock copolymer polyelectrolyte brushes of either polystyrene (PS) or poly(methyl acrylate) (PMA) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) were synthesized using sequential monomer addition from a tethered 2-bromoisobutyrate initiator. Si/SiO2//PS-b-poly(tert-butyl acrylate) (P(t-BA)) and Si/SiO2//PMA-b-P(t-BA) were prepared by the "grafting from" method using atom transfer radical polymerization. The PAA block was prepared by. hydrolysis of poly(tert-butyl acrylate) (P(t-BA)) and the polyelectrolyte was formed by subsequent treatment with either aqueous silver acetate or sodium tetrapalladate. Conversion of P(t-BA) to PAA and attachment of either silver or palladium ions to the PAA block was confirmed using ATR-FTIR spectroscopy, water contact angle measurements, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Solvent switching of the diblock copolymer brush using DMF and anisole was incomplete both before and after treatment with silver acetate, although the degree of switching was larger before treatment. The polyelectrolyte diblock copolymer brushes were used for the synthesis of inorganic nanoparticles by reduction of the treated PAA. These samples were characterized using AFM, XPS, and ATR-FTIR.

Publication Title

Macromolecules

Volume

36

Issue

25

First Page

9539

Last Page

9548