Physical-Biological Coupling in Southern Lake Michigan: Influence of Episodic Sediment Resuspension on Phytoplankton
The influence of episodic, sediment resuspension on phytoplankton abundance/volume and composition, the photosynthetic maximum rate (P(max)(B)) and efficiency (alpha(B)), and chlorophyll-specific growth (mu(Chl)) was evaluated during the spring isothermal period in southern Lake Michigan (Laurentian Great Lakes, USA). Resuspension altered the nutrient and light climate of nearshore waters; light attenuation (K(d)) and phosphorus concentrations corresponded (p less than or equal to 0.0001 and p less than or equal to 0.001, respectively) with concentrations of suspended particulate matter (SPM). Phytoplankton cell volume and diatom cell abundance and volume were not associated with SPM concentrations (p > 0.05). Diatom composition displayed spatial dissimilarities corresponding with resuspension (p less than or equal to 0.001); small centric diatoms exhibiting meroplanktonic life histories and pennate diatoms considered benthic in origin were most abundant within SPM-impacted, nearshore waters whereas taxa typically comprising assemblages in optically-clear, offshore waters and the basin- wide, spring bloom were not. Values of P(max)(B) and alpha(B) corresponded (p less than or equal to 0.0001) with both K(d) coefficients and SPM concentrations, potentially reflecting increased light harvesting/utilization within impacted assemblages. However, integral production was inversely associated with K(d) coefficients and SPM concentrations (p < 0.0001) and photosynthesis was light- limited (or nearly so) for most assemblages. Although mu(Chl) values corresponded with K(d) coefficients (p <= 0.05), values were quite low (<(x)over bar> +/- S. E., 0.10 +/- 0.004 d(-1)) throughout the study. Most likely, distinct rate processes between SPM- and non-impacted assemblages reflected short-term compositional (and corresponding physiological) variations due to infusion of meroplankton and/or tributary-derived phytoplankton. Overall, resuspension appears to have little, if any, long-term impact upon the structure and function of the lake's phytoplankton.
Millie, D. F.,
Fahnenstiel, G. L.,
Lohrenz, S. E.,
Carrick, H. J.,
Johengen, T. H.,
Schofield, O. M.
(2003). Physical-Biological Coupling in Southern Lake Michigan: Influence of Episodic Sediment Resuspension on Phytoplankton. Aquatic Ecology, 37(4), 393-408.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/3162