Magnitude and Oxidation Potential of Hydrocarbon Gases Released From the BP Oil Well Blowout
The deep-sea hydrocarbon discharge resulting from the BP oil well blowout in the northern Gulf of Mexico released large quantities of oil and gaseous hydrocarbons such as methane into the deep ocean. So far, estimates of hydrocarbon discharge have focused on the oil released, and have overlooked the quantity, fate and environmental impact of the gas(1). Gaseous hydrocarbons turn over slowly in the deep ocean, and microbial consumption of these gases could have a long-lasting impact on oceanic oxygen levels(2). Here, we combine published estimates of the volume of oil released(1,3), together with provisional estimates of the oil to gas ratio of the discharged fluid(4), to determine the volume of gaseous hydrocarbons discharged during the spill. We estimate that the spill injected up to 500,000 t of gaseous hydrocarbons into the deep ocean and that these gaseous emissions comprised 40% of the total hydrocarbon discharge. Analysis of water around the wellhead revealed discrete layers of dissolved hydrocarbon gases between 1,000 and 1,300m depth; concentrations exceeded background levels by up to 75,000 times. We suggest that microbial consumption of these gases could lead to the extensive and persistent depletion of oxygen in hydrocarbon-enriched waters.
Joye, S. B.,
MacDonald, I. R.,
Asper, V. L.
(2011). Magnitude and Oxidation Potential of Hydrocarbon Gases Released From the BP Oil Well Blowout. Nature Geoscience, 4(3), 160-164.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/318