Title

Stratification processes in thermoplastic olefins monitored by step-scan photoacoustic FT-IR spectroscopy

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-1-2001

Department

Polymers and High Performance Materials

Abstract

In this study we utilized step-scan photoacoustic Fourier transform TR (SS-PA-FT-IR) spectroscopy to examine surface/interfacial proper ties of thermoplastic olefins (TPOs). This approach, combined with 2D FT-IR correlation analysis, allowed us to determine stratification processes in TPOs. These studies showed that the talc and polypropylene (PP) crystalline phase in TPO stratifies within the first 6-30 mum from the surface. Specifically, the PP crystalline phase exists at about 6.5 mum from the surface and its content diminishes at 7.1 mum, followed by reappearance around 11.3 mum, and becomes more prevalent upon approaching the bulk of TPO. Talc concentration levels show a similar pattern of change with depth across the interface, although absolute concentration levels differ from those of crystalline PP. These studies also demonstrated that SS-PA-FT-IR is a powerful tool in surface analysis, in particular for surface/interfacial analysis of multi-component polymeric systems. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication Title

POLYMER

Volume

42

Issue

12

First Page

5479

Last Page

5484