Using antecedent manipulations to distinguish between task and social variables associated with problem behaviors exhibited by children of typical development
In the antecedent functional assessment literature, researchers have introduced task demands and social attention simultaneously while varying the level of task difficulty. Though research has demonstrated situations in which a combination of social and task antecedents occasion socially avoidant responses from children with disabilities, no current studies have been offered to assess the impact of high levels of adult attention devoid of task demands on problem behaviors exhibited by children of typical development. A multiple element design was used to assess the specific effects of task and social antecedents on the problem behaviors of four children of typical development. Results identified two children whose behavior was associated with a combination of difficult task demands and attention in the form of commands and redirections and two children whose behavior was associated only with high levels of adult attention that did not include commands or redirections. These results suggest that antecedent functional assessment procedures can assess the impact of high levels of attention without the presence of task demands.
(2001). Using antecedent manipulations to distinguish between task and social variables associated with problem behaviors exhibited by children of typical development. BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION, 25(2), 287-304.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/3909