Title

Metacomprehension Knowledge and Comprehension of Expository and Narrative Texts Among Younger and Older Adults

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-1-2000

Department

Educational Studies and Research

Abstract

In the present study we investigated the relations between younger and older adults' metacomprehension knowledge and their comprehension of expository and narrative texts as well as their self-perceptions of comprehension evaluation ability. We employed the Metacomprehension Scale (MCS) designed by Moore, Zabrucky, and Commander (1997a) to assess readers' metacomprehension knowledge; adults' self-perceived comprehension evaluation ability was measured using a Likert scale. Results indicate that metacomprehension knowledge as measured by the MCS was a reliable predictor of comprehension performance and self-perceptions of comprehension evaluation ability in younger and older adults. However, younger and older adults' comprehension was best predicted by different components of metacomprehension knowledge, and metacomprehension knowledge better predicted comprehension of expository than narrative texts.

Publication Title

Educational Gerontology

Volume

26

Issue

8

First Page

737

Last Page

749