Exploration of Microwave Plasma Source Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy for Elemental Measurements
Physics and Astronomy
We are exploring sensitive techniques for elemental measurements using cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS) combined with a compact microwave plasma source as an atomic absorption cell. The research work marries the high sensitivity of CRDS with a low-power microwave plasma source to develop a new instrument that yields high sensitivity and capability for elemental measurements. CRDS can provide orders of magnitude improvement in sensitivity over conventional absorption techniques. Additional benefit is gained from a compact microwave plasma source that possesses the advantages of low power and low-plasma gas flow rate, which are of benefit for atomic absorption measurements. A laboratory CRDS system consisting of a tunable dye laser is used in this work for developing a scientific base and demonstrating the feasibility of the technique. A laboratory-designed and -built sampling system for solution sample introduction is used for testing. The ring-down signals are monitored using a photomultiplier tube and recorded using a digital oscilloscope interfaced to a computer. Lead is chosen as a typical element for the system optimization and characterization. The effects of baseline noise from the plasma source are reported. A detection limit of 0.8 ppb (10(-10)) is obtained with such a device.
Winstead, C. B.
(2003). Exploration of Microwave Plasma Source Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy for Elemental Measurements. Analytical Chemistry, 75(9), 2105-2111.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/4353