Title

Effect of Free Volume Hole-Size On Fluid Ingress of Glassy Epoxy Networks

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-1-2011

Department

Polymers and High Performance Materials

Abstract

This manuscript demonstrates the synthesis of glassy polymer network isomers to control morphological variations and study solvent ingress behavior independent of chemical affinity. Well-controlled network architectures with varying free volume average hole-sizes have been shown to substantially influence solvent ingress within glassy polymer networks. Bisphenol-A diglycidyl ether (DGEBA), bisphenol-F diglycidyl ether (DGEBF) and tetraglydicyl-4,4'-diamino-diphenyl methane (TGDDM) were cured with 3,3- and 4,4'-diaminodiphenyl sulfone (DDS) at a stoichiometric ratio of 1:1 oxirane to amine active hydrogen to generate a series of network architectures with an average free volume hole-size (V-h) ranging between 59 and 82 angstrom(3). Polymer networks were exposed to water and a broad range of organic solvents ranging in van der Waals (vdW) volumes from 18 to 88 angstrom(3) for up to 10,000 h time. A clear relationship between glassy polymer network V-h and fluid penetration has been established. As penetrant vdW volume approached V-h uptake kinetics significantly decreased, and as penetrant vdW volume exceeded V-h a blocking mechanism dominated ingress and prevented penetrant transport. These results suggest that reducing the free volume hole-size is a reasonable approach to control solvent properties for glassy polymer networks. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication Title

Polymer

Volume

52

Issue

20

First Page

4528

Last Page

4535