Title

Effects of Cross Anisotropy on Three-Dimensional Behavior of Sand. I: Stress-Strain Behavior and Shear Banding

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-1-2003

Department

Marine Science

Abstract

The significance of material cross anisotropy in sands is underscored and experimentally evaluated in a series of true triaxial tests on Santa Monica beach sand in a cubical device. Failure patterns, initiation and development of shear banding, and complete stress-strain behavior are described for the entire range of the Lode angle under general three-dimensional loading conditions. Localized failure was found to govern the ultimate resistance of the sand for intermediate values of parameter b = (sigma(2)-sigma(3))/(sigma(1)-sigma(3)) in each of the three sectors of the octahedral plane. Variations of the friction angle are fully described and show its significant dependence on the inherent cross-anisotropic material structure.

Publication Title

Journal of Engineering Mechanics-ASCE

Volume

129

Issue

2

First Page

160

Last Page

166