Sandplay: An Investigation Into a Child's Meaning System via the Self Confrontation Method for Children
This correlational study was conducted to create a developmentally appropriate and psychometrically sound version of the Self Confrontation Method (Hermans, 1976, 1985, 1987a, 19876, 1988, 1992; Hermans & Hermans-Jansen, 1995) that can be used with children between the ages of 9 and 12. The reliability, and validity of the revised Self Confrontation Method for Children (SCMC) were examined for fourth to sixth graders' valuations of themselves and their world, and valuations of their sandworlds and associated narratives. Results revealed that seven of the eight Indices on the two SCMC valuations demonstrated adequate to very good internal consistency. There was partial support for the instrument's construct validity, as a moderate and positive significant relationship between the S and O Indices emerged. And within-subject comparisons between the S. O, N, and P Indices on the two valuations revealed a moderate and positive significant relationship between the P Indices. Results are discussed in the context of child development and sandplay research.
Journal of Constructivist Psychology
Dale, M. A.,
Wagner, W. G.
(2003). Sandplay: An Investigation Into a Child's Meaning System via the Self Confrontation Method for Children. Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 16(1), 17-36.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/4487