Pain Patient Profile: A Scale to Measure Psychological Distress
Objective: To evaluate the construct validity of the Pain Patient Profile (P-3), a brief self-report instrument designed to measure anxiety, depression, and somatization in patients presenting with pain. Design: Comparison of P-3 scores with previously established measures of depression, anxiety, and somatization, and comparison of P-3 scores of pain patients with those of patients with diabetes. Settings: Hospital-based outpatient pain clinic, family practice clinic, diabetes education group. Patients: Seventy pain patients and 40 patients with diabetes. Results: High positive correlations (.69 to .90) were found between the P-3 scales of Depression, Anxiety, and Somatization and the corresponding measures of these constructs, and high intercorrelations were found among the three P-3 scales. Significant differences were found between pain patients and diabetes patients for the P-3 Depression and Somatization scale scores, but not for the P-3 Anxiety scale scores. Conclusions: The P-3 is a useful instrument for initial screening of psychological distress in pain patients. Some patients may show elevations on more than one of the clinical scales, which either indicates that the P-3 does not distinguish well among these constructs or reflects the well-established comorbidity of these constructs. (C) 1989 by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Willoughby, S. G.,
Hailey, B. J.,
Wheeler, L. C.
(1999). Pain Patient Profile: A Scale to Measure Psychological Distress. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 80(10), 1300-1302.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/4788