Title

Testing the escape theory of suicide in an outpatient clinical population

Authors

PJ Dean
LM Range

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-1-1999

Department

Psychology

Abstract

To test the Baumeister's Escape Theory of Suicide, 132 clinical outpatients at two different sites completed measures of life events, multidimensional perfectionism, depression, hopelessness, reasons for living, and suicide ideation. A structural equation model yielded significant paths from socially prescribed perfectionism to depression, depression to hopelessness, hopelessness to both reasons for living and suicide ideation, and reasons for living to suicide ideation. A path analysis showed that the proposed model had a strong overall Goodness of fit index. Results strongly support the escape theory of suicide in outpatients who might be particularly vulnerable to suicidal thoughts, mostly because of the expected relationships of depression, hopelessness, reasons for living, and suicide ideation.

Publication Title

COGNITIVE THERAPY AND RESEARCH

Volume

23

Issue

6

First Page

561

Last Page

572