Using programs to solve problems: Imitation versus insight
Dolphins exhibit both action-level imitation (ALI) and program-level imitation (PLI). Dolphins may use ALI primarily for social cohesion, whereas PLI seems more likely to occur in goal-directed, problem-solving contexts. Both PLI and insightful problem solving require a recognition of the functional relations between actions and outcomes. Insightful problem solving, however, involves the creation of a program in the absence of a model, and therefore requires a higher order appreciation and application of the relations between actions and outcomes.
BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES
Kuczaj, S. A.,
(1998). Using programs to solve problems: Imitation versus insight. BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES, 21(5), 695-+.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/5149