Title

Using Programs to Solve Problems: Imitation versus Insight

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-1-1998

Department

Psychology

Abstract

Dolphins exhibit both action-level imitation (ALI) and program-level imitation (PLI). Dolphins may use ALI primarily for social cohesion, whereas PLI seems more likely to occur in goal-directed, problem-solving contexts. Both PLI and insightful problem solving require a recognition of the functional relations between actions and outcomes. Insightful problem solving, however, involves the creation of a program in the absence of a model, and therefore requires a higher order appreciation and application of the relations between actions and outcomes.

Publication Title

Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Volume

21

Issue

5

First Page

695

Last Page

+