Title

Photo-induced alternating copolymerization of N-substituted maleimides and electron donor olefins

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-1-1997

Department

Polymers and High Performance Materials

Abstract

Photo-initiated free radical polymerization of donor/acceptor type monomers have gained considerable interest due to the possibility of formulating UV curable non-acrylate systems. Recently, we described a photoinitiator free system based on donor/acceptor combinations [1-7]. Photoinitiator free nonacrylate based compositions will of course attain an enhanced interest and importance because of a broader selection of raw materials and combinations thereof, potential outdoor use, lower costs of formulations, improved odour, no formation of benzaldehyde, less extractables and so on. Recent developments of the direct photolysis of these accepters and complexes, and their potential use in practical 'UV curing' will be outlined. By a selective combination of A and D type monomers, a direct photolysis of the ground state complex (CTC) or the excitation of the acceptor, followed by the formation of an exciplex, will initiate a free radical copolymerization. A second route of direct initiation is based on inter-or intra-molecular H-abstraction from an excited state acceptor or exciplex. This paper will focus on the photochemistry as it relates to initiation of polymerization depending on acceptor and donor strength of the monomer system. Inherently different reactivities in air and nitrogen of donors and accepters are compared to photoinitiator containing acrylates. Furthermore, the ratio of homo and alternating copolymerization as well as the 2+2 cycloaddition will be discussed. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.

Publication Title

NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION B-BEAM INTERACTIONS WITH MATERIALS AND ATOMS

Volume

131

Issue

1-4

First Page

276

Last Page

290