C-13 and N-15 Solid State NMR of Copolymers of Nylon-6 and Nylon-7 Observation of a Stable Pseudohexagonal Phase
Polymers and High Performance Materials
A series of nylon copolymers were synthesized and characterized based on the even-odd A-B monomer combination caprolactam and enantholactam. The nylon 6-co-nylon 7 samples displayed physical properties which directly correlate with copolymer composition. The degrees and types of crystallinity for these materials were examined using a combination of thermal, NMR, and X-ray measurements. The homopolymers each displayed highly ordered alpha-crystallites while the copolymers possessed less-ordered domains that decreased in alpha-like characteristics down to the 1:1 copolymer, which possessed a thermodynamically stable pseudohexgonal ordered phase. The C-13 T-1 values determined for the annealed 1:1 copolymer were shorter than those of crystalline regions of annealed homopolymers. In fact, they were comparable to values observed for amorphous domains in melt-quenched nylon 6 and nylon 7 homopolymers but significantly longer than the values for a precipitated and annealed 1:1 nylon 11-co-nylon 12 sample. Annealing at temperatures ca. 10 degrees C below the DSC T-m increased the perfection of the copolymer ordered domains based on both NMR and X-ray measurements but did not convert the pseudohexagonal phase to alpha-crystallites.
Johnson, C. G.,
Cypcar, C. C.,
Mathias, L. J.
(1995). C-13 and N-15 Solid State NMR of Copolymers of Nylon-6 and Nylon-7 Observation of a Stable Pseudohexagonal Phase. Macromolecules, 28(25), 8535-8540.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/5986