The Effects of Psychological Trauma on Children and Adolescents
In this review the authors examine the cognitive, affective, behavioral, and somatic-physiological effects documented in the literature as sequelae of overwhelming life events in children and adolescents. Findings from the literature are compared with the current formulations of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, third edition, revised (DSM-III-R, American Psychiatric Association, 1987) as this diagnostic category applies to children. Responses likely to be observed in children and adolescents who have been exposed to traumatic events are discussed Suggestions for future research and counseling practice are presented.
Journal of Counseling and Development
Armsworth, M. W.,
(1993). The Effects of Psychological Trauma on Children and Adolescents. Journal of Counseling and Development, 72(1), 49-56.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/6641