Constructivist Psychology: A Heuristic Framework
Psychologists representing a broad spectrum of psychological specialties use the term "constructivist" to characterize their theories and underscore individuals' active participation in reality-making. In spite of constructivism's apparent widespread influence on psychology, however, significantly different forms of constructivist metatheory may be identified when constructivist assumptions about causal processes are contrasted. Both Pepper's (1942) worldview framework and Aristotle's four-fold classification of causation in natural phenomena are used to distinguish four forms of constructivism-material, efficient, formal, and final. Salient examples of each form as evident in contemporary psychological theory are given with a discussion of implications of these distinctions for the development of a comprehensive conception of cognition and human knowing.
Journal of Mind and Behavior
Lyddon, W. J.,
McLaughlin, J. T.
(1992). Constructivist Psychology: A Heuristic Framework. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 13(1), 89-107.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/6776