Gender Orientation and Emergent Leader Behavior
Two studies compared the effects of masculinity and femininity on rater and ratee evaluations of emergent leader behavior in mixed- and same-sex groups. Data were collected in two consensus-seeking studies using the same procedures, only the gender composition of the task groups was changed. The first study was composed of 39 female and 21 male students in 15 mixed-sex groups, and the second study included 96 female students in 22 same-sex groups. Masculinity and femininity were measured with the Bem Sex Role Inventory [L. Bem, (1974) "The Measurement of Psychology Androgyny," Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 42 pp. 155-162]. Contrary to research and theory, masculinity was not associated with peer-rated leadership, yet femininity was correlated with two measures of self-rated leadership.
Gurman, E. B.,
(1992). Gender Orientation and Emergent Leader Behavior. Sex Roles, 27(7-8), 391-400.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/6909