Effects of Explicitness on Children's Metaphor Comprehension
This study tests the effects of explicitness on children's metaphor comprehension within a developmental stage framework. Specifically, children's comprehension of easy, moderately difficult, and difficult metaphors (implicit comparisons) and similes (explicit comparisons) is compared. The Age X Metaphor Difficulty interaction was significant, indicating that children progress through stages of metaphor comprehension that are a function of their age and of metaphor difficulty. The Metaphor Difficulty X Explicitness interaction was also significant, revealing that children provide more elaborate comprehension of easy similes than easy metaphors. The relationship between metaphor difficulty, age, and type of comprehension category constructed is discussed. Four explanations are posited to account for the failure of explicitness to facilitate comprehension of moderately difficult and difficult metaphors.
Metaphor and Symbolic Activity
Siltanen, S. A.
(1990). Effects of Explicitness on Children's Metaphor Comprehension. Metaphor and Symbolic Activity, 5(1), 1-20.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/7407