On the currents and transports connected with the atlantic meridional overturning circulation in the subpolar North Atlantic
Polymers and High Performance Materials
Results from an interannually forced, 0.08 degrees eddy-resolving simulation based on the Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model, in conjunction with a small but well-determined transport database, are used to investigate the currents and transports associated with the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) in the subpolar North Atlantic (SPNA). The model results yield a consistent warming in the western SPNA since the early 1990s, along with mean transports similar to those observed for the trans-basin AMOC across the World Ocean Circulation Experiment hydrographic section AR19 (16.4 Sv) and boundary currents at the exit of the Labrador Sea near 53 degrees N (39.0 Sv) and east of the Grand Banks near 43 degrees N (15.9 Sv). Over a 34 year integration, the model-determined AMOC across the AR19 section and the western boundary current near 53 degrees N both exhibit no systematic trend but some long-term (interannual and longer) variabilities, including a decadal transport variation of 3-4 Sv from relatively high in the 1990s to low in the 2000s. The decadal variability of the model boundary current transport near 53 degrees N lags the observed winter time North Atlantic Oscillation index by about 2 years and leads the model AMOC across the AR19 section by about 1 year. The model results also show that the long-term variabilities are low compared to those on shorter time scales. Thus, rapid sampling of the current over long time intervals is required to filter out high-frequency variabilities in order to determine the lower frequency variabilities of interest. Citation: Xu, X., H. E. Hurlburt, W. J. Schmitz Jr., R. Zantopp, J. Fischer, and P. J. Hogan (2013), On the currents and transports connected with the atlantic meridional overturning circulation in the subpolar North Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 118, 502-516, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20065.
JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS
(2013). On the currents and transports connected with the atlantic meridional overturning circulation in the subpolar North Atlantic. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS, 118(1), 502-516.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/7733