Examining Sense of Community in Sport: Developing the Multidimensional 'SCS' Scale
Human Performance and Recreation
As scholars conduct more research on the social benefits of community sport, the need for an instrument to measure sense of community is increasingly necessary. Utilizing previous grounded theory research specific to sport and community building, the purpose of this study was to test previous sport and sense of community theory through the creation and validation of a measurement scale to gauge sense of community. The authors tested a 21-item tool comprised of 6-subscales (i.e., Administrative Consideration, Common Interest, Competition, Equity in Administrative Decisions, Leadership, and Social Spaces) among samples of young sport participants using the three-phase method of item generation, confirmatory analyses, and concurrent validation. The resulting analyses yielded a valid and reliable instrument to measure sense of community in sport. This research suggests refinement to previous sport and sense of community theory and provides needed utility for this theory that has been grounded in the sport experience.
Journal of Sport Management
(2013). Examining Sense of Community in Sport: Developing the Multidimensional 'SCS' Scale. Journal of Sport Management, 27(5), 349-362.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/7882