Title

The latent structure of oppositional defiant disorder in children and adults

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-1-2013

Department

Psychology

Abstract

An understanding of the latent structure of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is essential for better developing causal models, improving diagnostic and assessment procedures, and enhancing treatments for the disorder. Although much research has focused on ODD including recent studies informing the diagnostic criteria for DSM-5 research examining the latent structure of ODD is sparse, and no known study has specifically undertaken a taxometric analysis to address the issue of whether ODD is a categorical or dimensional construct. To address this gap, the authors conducted two separate studies using a set of taxometric analyses with data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (child study; n = 969) and with data from a large mixed sample of adults, which included participants reporting psychiatric difficulties as well as healthy controls (adult study; n = 600). The results of a variety of non-redundant analyses across both studies revealed a dimensional latent structure for ODD symptoms among both children and adults. These findings are consistent with previous studies that have examined latent structure of related constructs (e.g., aggression, antisocial behavior) as well as studies that have examined the dimensional versus categorical structure of ODD using methods other than taxometric analysis. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication Title

JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRIC RESEARCH

Volume

47

Issue

12

First Page

1932

Last Page

1939