UV curable coatings for improved gas barrier properties of poly(ethylene terephthalate)
Polymers and High Performance Materials
A new high-barrier coating based on methyl (alpha-hydroxymethyl)acrylate (MHMA) for poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) was developed along with the process for preform dipping and cure prior to blow molding into bottles. The UV curable coating gives excellent gas barrier improvement when coated onto PET biaxially oriented thin films. Blown bottle side walls from coated PET preforms also show 2-3 times improvement over uncoated side walls. The effect of photoinitiator concentration, initiator types, and temperature on photopolymerization kinetics of MHMA was investigated. Once the photoinitiator, lrgacure 819 (R), concentration became larger than 1 mol%, a decrease in rate of propagation was observed. The conversion also decreased with higher initiator concentration. lrgacure 819 (R) reduced the auto-acceleration peak and reached maximum rates of polymerization much faster than Irgacure 651 (R). It also gave a slightly higher conversion. Overall conversion for combinations of these photoinitiators was high, above 80%. Real-time FTIR (RT-FTIR) studies of copolymerization of MHMA and methyl methacrylate (MMA) showed that conversion was fairly high up to 25 mol% MMA. However, once MMA feed ratio exceeded 10 mol%, a decrease in barrier performance was observed. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
PROGRESS IN ORGANIC COATINGS
(2014). UV curable coatings for improved gas barrier properties of poly(ethylene terephthalate). PROGRESS IN ORGANIC COATINGS, 77(1), 194-201.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/7966