Title

Gender Differences in the Impact of Leadership Styles on Subordinate Embeddedness and Job Satisfaction

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2014

Department

Management and International Business

Abstract

It is not surprising that subordinates generally prefer high-quality relationships with their supervisors. However, gender may influence the specific characteristics subordinates use to make this judgment, thereby impacting important downstream workplace processes and outcomes. Drawing from Social Role Theory, we use moderated mediation analyses across two independent samples to show that communally oriented leader–member exchange (LMX) dimensions (i.e., Affect and Loyalty) positively influence the job embeddedness of female (but not male) subordinates, whereas agentically oriented LMX dimensions (i.e., Professional Respect and Contribution) influence both genders equally. We found these effects despite strong LMX facet intercorrelations (ranging from r = .68 to .81), thereby highlighting the utility of testing theoretically driven dimensional effects, even when facets overlap significantly.

Publication Title

Leadership Quarterly

Volume

25

Issue

4

First Page

660

Last Page

671