Title

Extra-Mitochondrial Localization and Likely Reproductive Function of a Female-Transmitted Cytochrome C Oxidase Subunit II Protein

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-1-2009

Department

Biological Sciences

Abstract

Our previous study documented a reproductive function for the male-transmitted mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)-encoded cytochrome c oxidase subunit II (MCOX2) protein in a unionoid bivalve. Here, immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry and immunoelectron microscopy analyses demonstrate that the female-transmitted protein (FCOX2) is: (i) expressed in both male and female gonads; (ii) maximally expressed in ovaries just prior to the time of the annual fertilization event; (iii) displayed in the cytoplasm and more strongly in the plasma membrane (microvilli), vitelline matrix and vitelline envelope of mature ovarian eggs; and (iv) strongly localized to the vitelline matrix of some eggs just prior to fertilization. These findings represent evidence for the extra-mitochondrial localization of an mtDNA-encoded gene product and are consistent with multifunctionality for FCOX2 in eggs.

Publication Title

Development Growth and Differentiation

Volume

51

Issue

5

First Page

511

Last Page

519