End-Quenching of TiCl4-Catalyzed Quasiliving Polyisobutylene with Alkoxybenzenes for Direct Chain End Functionalization
Polymers and High Performance Materials
Alkoxybenzenes were used to end-quench TiCl4-catalyzed quasiliving isobutylene polymerizations initiated from 2-chloro-2,2,4-trimethylpentane or 5-tert-butyl-1,3-di(1-chloro-1-methylethyl)benzene at 70 degrees C in 40/60 (v/v) hexane/methyl chloride. The alkoxybenzene/chain end molar ratios were in the range 2.5-4. Effective alkoxybenzene quenchers included those with simple alkyl groups, such as anisole and isopropoxybenzene, haloalkyl tethers, such as (3-bromopropoxy)benzene and (2-chloroethoxy)benzene, and even those with hydroxyl and amine functionality, such as 4-phenoxy-1-butanol and 6-phenoxyhexylamine. Alkylation was generally quantitative and occurred exclusively in the para position; multiple alkylations on the same alkoxybenzene were not observed. The alkylation reactions were tolerant of temperatures ranging from -70 to -30 degrees C and were unimpeded by the presence of endo- or exo-olefin termini. In situ cleavage of the ether linkage of anisole and isopropoxybenzene termini allowed single pot syntheses of phenol-terminated polyisobutylenes.
Morgan, D. L.,
Storey, R. F.
(2010). End-Quenching of TiCl4-Catalyzed Quasiliving Polyisobutylene with Alkoxybenzenes for Direct Chain End Functionalization. Macromolecules, 43(21), 8724-8740.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/983