Date of Award

Summer 8-2017

Degree Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Physics and Astronomy

Committee Chair

Dr. Ras B. Pandey

Committee Chair Department

Physics and Astronomy

Committee Member 2

Dr. Christopher Winstead

Committee Member 2 Department

Physics and Astronomy

Committee Member 3

Dr. Michael D. Vera

Committee Member 3 Department

Physics and Astronomy

Committee Member 4

Dr. Parthapratim Biswas

Committee Member 4 Department

Physics and Astronomy

Abstract

The human voltage-gated proton channels (hHV1) are critical in many physiological functions and control proton conduction in the cell. This process is governed by the cooperative response of different transmembrane segments of the protein. It is believed that the two subunits of the C-terminal dimer provide independent proton channel pathways through the membrane where the conformations of both monomers and dimer are key for selective proton transport. Conformational response of these transmembrane segments of the protein hHV1 is studied by a coarse-grained model as a function of temperature where structural detail of a residue is ignored and its specificity is captured by its unique interaction. How residues of the protein hHv1 assemble or disperse as the temperature varies is addressed using a coarse-grained Monte Carlo simulation where a knowledge-based residue-residue interaction matrix is used as input in the Metropolis algorithm. Contact maps, mobility, radius of gyration, and structure factors, are examined as functions of temperature due to the efficiency of this model. Thermal response of the radius of gyration of this protein in the low-temperature regime decreases on increasing temperature in which structure becomes more compact by reduced entropy while in the high-temperature regime, the radius of gyration increases with temperature before reaching a steady state value. The scaling of structure factor S(q) provides an estimate of the effective dimension (D) of the protein chain which becomes globular conformation (D~3) with more connectedness in the low-temperature region and random coil (D~2) and then linear conformation (D~1) on increasing temperature further.

ORCID ID

orcid.org/0000-0003-4230-2966

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