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Abstract

There is a growing interest among health policymakers, planners and donors on the extent to which corruption affects access to health care and outcomes, and possible ways of eliminating it in the health sector. This paper therefore focuses on reviewing various perspectives on the nature, types dimension and the susceptibility of the health sector to corruption. It demonstrates the extent to which corruption negatively effects the health and welfare of citizens at the level of individuals and households. It presents a description identifying how opportunities and pressures influence corruption in the health sector. The paper also analyses the implications for intervention by providing recommendations that would help reduce corruption. These include: the need to establish watchdogs and whittle blowers; increased efforts in ensuring compliance with regulating rules and ethics; motivations for workers and penalty for deviation; and ensuring accountability and transparency in all its decision making and services.

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