Title

A Performance Analysis of CETA Assisted and Non-CETA Assisted Trainees in a Mid-Atlantic Proprietary Welding Institute

Date of Award

1983

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Educational Studies and Research

First Advisor

W. Lee Pierce

Advisor Department

Educational Studies and Research

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a statistically significant correlation between CETA assistance and completion of welding training and if there was predictive efficiency between selected independent variables (personal, financial, achievement, exposure, success) and completion of training. The sample for this study included 304 welding students who entered training during the years 1979 and 1980. Forty-one percent of these students received CETA stipend and tuition credit. The remaining fifty-nine percent attended via other resources and were not paid a stipend/salary to attend. Data indicated that non-CETA assisted students excelled in rate of program completion, frequency of entering unsubsidized employment and in rate of initial post-training pay. Multiple regression analysis indicated the following: (1) There was no significant difference between completers and non-completers with respect to age, sex, race, achievement scores, and high school (RSQ = .030). (2) Given selected independent variables there was no significant relationship (p = .0000) between CETA assisted and non-CETA assisted completers (RSQ = .227). (3) There existed separate and independent relationships (p= .0000) between the criterion variable completion and student age, sex, high school completion, achievement scores, days absent, average grade, and job placement (RSQ = .375). This study indicated that there was little evidence of CETA financial assistance having been a motivator to successful program completion.