Title

Effects of Interpretive Gestures On Adjudicators' Rating of Solo Vocal Performances

Date of Award

2006

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Music

First Advisor

Jennifer Shank

Advisor Department

Music

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare scores from independent adjudicators of five vocal students singing three types of musical excerpts. In this study, scores from adjudicators (n = 31) of musical excerpts of vocal students (n = 5) solo singing (a) audio music excerpt, (b) audio-video without interpretive gesture music excerpt, and (c) audiovisual with interpretive gesture music excerpt were compared. The hypotheses were: (1) There would be significant differences within the adjudication results on the three types of musical excerpts. (2) There would be significant differences in the adjudication between the audio-video music excerpt with the interpretive gestures and the audio-video music excerpt without the interpretive gestures, with the audio-video music excerpt with interpretive gestures being higher. (3) There are significant differences in the adjudication between the audio-video without interpretive gesture music excerpt and the audio music excerpt. (4) There are significant differences between the adjudication of the audio-video with interpretive gestures and the audio recordings. A one-way within subjects ANOVA was used in analyzing the data to observe if differences between the three types of performance recorded by the participants exist. Adjudicators for this project scored the participants on five criteria using a 7-point Likert scale (1-7) with one being the lowest and seven being the highest. Results indicated that there was significant difference between the three types of musical excerpts. Rating means for the three types of musical excerpts were all in the upper-middle of the Likert scale (4.8-5.2). The video and audio with interpretive gestures musical excerpt mean (5.19) was higher than the other two musical excerpts (video without movement 4.92 and audio only 4.82).