Title

The effects of aerobic line dancing and traditional aerobic dancing on cardiorespiratory endurance among ninth-grade female students

Date of Award

1996

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)

Department

Human Performance and Recreation

First Advisor

Bill Larson

Advisor Department

Human Performance and Recreation

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to present an alternative methodology for physical education programs to enhance cardiorespiratory fitness in the schools. This study was designed to determine if aerobic line dancing produces a significant difference in cardiorespiratory endurance compared to traditional aerobic dancing in an eight-week session among ninth grade female students aged 14, 15, and 16 years old. If the subjects missed more than three days they were eliminated from the study. Sixty-seven students from New Iberia Freshman High School participated in the study. Twenty subjects were in the control group, 26 were in the traditional aerobic dance group, and 21 were in the aerobic line dancing group. Data were collected during the months of February and March 1996. This study utilized the modified Harvard Step Test to compare cardiorespiratory endurance among three groups. With the pretests serving as the covariates, the data were analyzed using analysis of covariance. The.05 level of significance was used. Results indicated that the aerobic line dancing group had a significantly higher endurance score than did the control group (F = 4.25, df = 1/38, p $<$ 0.05). No statistically significant difference was found between the control group and the traditional aerobic dancing group (F =.48, df = 1/43, p $>$ 0.05). The participants in the aerobic line dancing group had significantly higher cardiorespiratory endurance score than the traditional aerobic dancing group (F = 11.22, df = 1/44, p $<$ 0.05). Based on the results of this study it can be concluded that aerobic line dancing performed at a target heart rate between 140 and 170 beats per minute three times a week will improve cardiorespiratory endurance more than will traditional aerobic dancing.