A Controlled Study to Assess the Effects of Self-Administered Cognitive Therapy On Social-Evaluative Anxiety, State-Trait Anxiety, and Locus of Control
Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Kenneth U. Gutsch
This study investigated the efficacy of self-administered cognitive therapy (RET) in the treatment of high and chronic social anxiety. Forty-five socially anxious volunteer students, who scored in the upper 15% of 570 students prescreened with the Social Avoidance and Distress Scale, were matched on SAD scores and randomly assigned to self-administered cognitive therapy (RET), a self-administered attention placebo condition (Logotherapy), or a no-treatment control condition. Pretest and posttest measures included the Social Avoidance and Distress Scale (SAD), Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (FNE), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Rotter's Internal-External Locus of Control Scale. Analysis of variance and a priori t-test comparisons indicated that self-administered cognitive therapy significantly decreased social anxiety and fear of negative evaluation when compared to an attention placebo and no-treatment control condition. A priori t-comparisons also suggested a generalization of effects as trait anxiety significantly decreased when compared to the no-treatment control group. A decrease in state anxiety approached significance. In addition, comparisons of mean change scores with therapist-administered studies using the SADS and FNES appear favorable and lend support to the conclusion that self-administered cognitive restructuring is an effective means of decreasing social-evaluative anxiety. Results did not reveal a significant change in I-E locus of control, but a trend towards becoming more internally oriented was noted. The LOGO group did not significantly differ from the no-treatment control group; however, mean change scores suggest that participants may have attained therapeutic benefits as a consistent trend towards decreased anxiety across variables was evident. Implications of these results and recommendations concerning self-administered cognitive therapy are discussed.
SCHELVER, STEWART RANDOLPH, "A Controlled Study to Assess the Effects of Self-Administered Cognitive Therapy On Social-Evaluative Anxiety, State-Trait Anxiety, and Locus of Control" (1981). Dissertation Archive. 2923.