Multi-component fluid flow through porous media by interacting lattice gas computer simulation

Luis Alberto Cueva-Parra

Abstract

In this work we study structural and transport properties such as power-law behavior of trajectory of each constituent and their center of mass, density profile, mass flux, permeability, velocity profile, phase separation, segregation, and mixing of miscible and immiscible multicomponent fluid flow through rigid and non-consolidated porous media. The considered parameters are the mass ratio of the components, temperature, external pressure, and porosity. Due to its solid theoretical foundation and computational simplicity, the selected approaches are the Interacting Lattice Gas with Monte Carlo Method (Metropolis Algorithm) and direct sampling, combined with particular collision rules. The percolation mechanism is used for modeling initial random porous media. The introduced collision rules allow to model non-consolidated porous media, because part of the kinetic energy of the fluid particles is transfered to barrier particles, which are the components of the porous medium. Having gained kinetic energy, the barrier particles can move. A number of interesting results are observed. Some findings include, (i) phase separation in immiscible fluid flow through a medium with no barrier particles (porosity p P = 1). (ii) For the flow of miscible fluids through rigid porous medium with porosity close to percolation threshold (p C ), the flux density (measure of permeability) shows a power law increase ∝ (pC - p ) μ with μ = 2.0, and the density profile is found to decay with height ∝ exp(-mA/B h ), consistent with the barometric height law. (iii) Sedimentation and driving of barrier particles in fluid flow through non-consolidated porous medium. This study involves developing computer simulation models with efficient serial and parallel codes, extensive data analysis via graphical utilities, and computer visualization techniques.