The relationship between education achievement and educational variables when controlling for demographics

Debra Scianna Herring

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to determine the relationships between the criterion variable of student achievement and the independent variables of demographics and educational variables. The ultimate goal of this study was to provide data to the Mississippi State Department of Education and the school districts that will aid in the implementation of instructional and administrational practices that will maximize student achievement. This study used previously collected data from school districts within the state of Mississippi, using scores from the Mississippi Assessment System and data from the State Department of Education's records. There was a significant relationship between the criterion variable of student achievement and the independent variable of demographics, percentage of students receiving free lunch, percentage of minority students and educational variables of pupil:teacher ratio, dropout rate, percentage of teachers with advanced degrees, per pupil expenditure, and attendance. The findings of the study indicated that there was a significant relationship between the criterion variable of student achievement and the educational variables of percentage of students receiving free lunch, the percentage of minority students, and attendance when controlling for demographics. There was a nonsignificant relationship between student achievement and the educational variables of pupil:teacher ratio, dropout rate, and percentage of teachers with advanced degrees.