Effects of school-wide implementation of a school and classroom management program on student conduct
The school-wide implementation of a school and classroom management program called Effective School and Classroom Management was evaluated in participating public schools. The five schools that participated in the study were located in the northern, central, and southern regions of Mississippi. The effectiveness of the program was evaluated in terms of the number of discipline referrals to the principals per academic year from teachers, the types of disciplinary referrals to the principals, and the perceptions of teachers concerning the use of the program. Examination of data from school discipline records and teacher surveys suggested that the implementation of the Effective School and Classroom Management program at these five schools did not result in a significant decrease in the total number of discipline referrals sent to principals, did not result in a significant reduction in discipline referrals for minor misconduct, and did not result in a significant reduction in discipline referrals for major misconduct. The data also indicated that there was a significant increase in the number of discipline referrals for major misconduct. However, an analysis of data indicated that there were predominantly positive teacher perceptions concerning the program's implementation. Modifications of in-service training such as ongoing staff development and program implementation were recommended in order to assist teachers with understanding and following the guidelines of the program. Additionally, school administration should continuously monitor program implementation to help teachers and other school employees to consistently utilize the program procedures over a prolonged period of time to help accomplish the goal of reducing misconduct overall. This will help to provide teachers and other school employees with the strategies and skills needed to be able to successfully deal with most of the typical discipline problems, efficiently and effectively.