A study of the relationship among selected variables and parental involvement and the relationship between parental involvement and school readiness

Carolyn Sue Myrick

Abstract

The primary purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between readiness skills of young children and parental involvement using quantitative procedures. This study focused on identifying factors associated with parents and children that served as predictors of parental involvement such as income, marital status and education level. A related and inherently elemental purpose of this study was to develop a program that would encourage parental participation in an appropriate school readiness program in order to promote parental involvement and education and to improve chances of children's successes throughout their school years. This study involved 2000 samples of four-year-olds from data collected through the National Household Education Survey Database. The survey was conducted throughout the United States. The National Household Education Survey of 1993 was a random digit dial (RDD) telephone survey of households developed by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and conducted by Westat, Incorporated. The School Readiness (SR) component, interviews were conducted with 10,888 parents, 4,423 parents of preschool children, 2,126 parents of kindergarten children, 4,277 parents of primary school children, and 62 parents of home school children. Data were collected from January through April 1993. ANOVA and the Pearson Correlation Coefficient was employed as a means of statistically analyzing the data collected for this research investigation. The research hypotheses of this study were tested through systematic comparisons between selected full and restricted models.