Georgia high school athletic directors' perceptions toward Title IX compliance in the state of Georgia

Christopher Scott Richie

Abstract

The purpose of this study was three-fold. The first purpose was to ascertain if Georgia High School Association schools met the proportionality standard of the three pronged test. The gender ratio of the school population was compared with the gender ratio of athletes in the state of Georgia. The second purpose was to find out if Georgia high school athletic directors perceived that their athletic programs were in compliance with selected program areas of Title IX. The program areas examined were: accommodation of interests of students, finances and booster clubs, equipment and supplies, scheduling of games and practice times, travel, tutoring, coaching, locker rooms and competitive facilities, medical and training supplies, and publicity. Finally, an analysis was made to determine if there were any statistically significant differences in their perceptions based on gender, school size, athletic budget, and administrative experience. A t-test was used to determine whether or not there were statistically significant differences between the gender ratio of the school population when compared to the gender ratio of athletes in the state of Georgia with the level of significance set at p < .05. Multiple Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) was used to determine whether or not there were differences in athletic directors' perceptions of Title IX compliance using the criterion variable of gender, administrative experience, school size, and athletic budget in the selected Title IX program areas with the level of significance set a p < .05. Significant differences were found in that Georgia High Schools that were members of the Georgia High School Association for the 2003-04 school year did not meet the proportionality standard of the three pronged test. The gender ratio of males and females within school populations was not within the commonly accepted ratio of 5% when compared to the gender ratio of the student athletes in the state of Georgia. Significant differences were not found when determining whether there were differences in athletic director's perceptions of Title IX compliance using the criterion variables of gender, school size, athletic budget, and administrative experience and the selected Title IX program areas.